Table of Contents
Introduction
pgBackRest can be used entirely with command-line parameters but a configuration file is more practical for installations that are complex or set a lot of options. The default location for the configuration file is /etc/pgbackrest/pgbackrest.conf. If no file exists in that location then the old default of /etc/pgbackrest.conf will be checked.
The following option types are used:
String: A text string, commonly an identifier, password, etc.
Command line example: --stanza=demo
Configuration file example: repo1-cipher-pass=zWaf6XtpjIVZC5444yXB...
Path: Used to uniquely identify a location in a directory structure. Paths must begin with /, double // is not allowed, and no ending / is expected.
Command line example: --repo1-path=/var/lib/pgbackrest
Configuration file example: repo1-path=/var/lib/pgbackrest
Boolean: Enables or disables the option. Only y/n are valid argument values.
Command line examples: --start-fast, --no-start-fast, --start-fast=y, --start-fast=n
Configuration file examples: start-fast=y, start-fast=n
Integer: Used for ports, retention/retry counts, parallel processes allowed, etc.
Command line example: --compress-level=3
Configuration file example: pg1-port=5432
Size: Used for buffer sizes, disk usage, etc. Size can be specified in bytes (default) or KiB, MiB, GiB, TiB, or PiB where the multiplier is a power of 1024. For example, the case-insensitive value 5GiB (or 5GB, 5g) can be used instead of 5368709120. Fractional values such as 2.5GiB are not allowed, use 2560MiB instead.
Command line example: --archive-get-queue-max=1GiB
Configuration file example: buffer-size=2MiB
Time: Time in seconds.
Command line example: --io-timeout=90
Configuration file example: db-timeout=600
List: Option may be provided multiple times.
Command line example: --db-exclude=db1 --db-exclude=db2 --db-exclude=db5
Configuration file example, each on its own line: db-exclude=db1 db-exclude=db2 db-exclude=db5
Key/Value: Option may be provided multiple times in the form key=value.
Command line example: --tablespace-map=ts_01=/db/ts_01 --tablespace-map=ts_02=/db/ts_02
Configuration file example, each on its own line: tablespace-map=ts_01=/db/ts_01 tablespace-map=ts_02=/db/ts_02
Archive Options
The archive section defines options for the archive-push and archive-get commands.
Asynchronous Archiving Option (--archive-async)
Push/get WAL segments asynchronously.
Enables asynchronous operation for the archive-push and archive-get commands.
Asynchronous operation is more efficient because it can reuse connections and take advantage of parallelism. See the spool-path, archive-get-queue-max, and archive-push-queue-max options for more information.
default: n
example: archive-async=y
Maximum Archive Get Queue Size Option (--archive-get-queue-max)
Maximum size of the pgBackRest archive-get queue.
Specifies the maximum size of the archive-get queue when archive-async is enabled. The queue is stored in the spool-path and is used to speed providing WAL to PostgreSQL.
default: 128MiB
allowed: 0-4PiB
example: archive-get-queue-max=1GiB
Retry Missing WAL Segment Option (--archive-missing-retry)
Retry missing WAL segment
Retry a WAL segment that was previously reported as missing by the archive-get command when in asynchronous mode. This prevents notifications in the spool path from a prior restore from being used and possibly causing a recovery failure if consistency has not been reached.
Disabling this option allows PostgreSQL to more reliably recognize when the end of the WAL in the archive has been reached, which permits it to switch over to streaming from the primary. With retries enabled, a steady stream of WAL being archived will cause PostgreSQL to continue getting WAL from the archive rather than switch to streaming.
When disabling this option it is important to ensure that the spool path for the stanza is empty. The restore command does this automatically if the spool path is configured at restore time. Otherwise, it is up to the user to ensure the spool path is empty.
default: y
example: archive-missing-retry=n
Maximum Archive Push Queue Size Option (--archive-push-queue-max)
Maximum size of the PostgreSQL archive queue.
After the limit is reached, the following will happen:
  • pgBackRest will notify PostgreSQL that the WAL was successfully archived, then DROP IT.
  • A warning will be output to the PostgreSQL log.
If this occurs then the archive log stream will be interrupted and PITR will not be possible past that point. A new backup will be required to regain full restore capability.
In asynchronous mode the entire queue will be dropped to prevent spurts of WAL getting through before the queue limit is exceeded again.
The purpose of this feature is to prevent the log volume from filling up at which point PostgreSQL will stop completely. Better to lose the backup than have PostgreSQL go down.
allowed: 0-4PiB
example: archive-push-queue-max=1TiB
Deprecated Name: archive-queue-max
Archive Timeout Option (--archive-timeout)
Archive timeout.
Set maximum time, in seconds, to wait for each WAL segment to reach the pgBackRest archive repository. The timeout applies to the check and backup commands when waiting for WAL segments required for backup consistency to be archived.
default: 60
allowed: 0.1-86400
example: archive-timeout=30
Backup Options
The backup section defines settings related to backup.
Backup Annotation Option (--annotation)
Annotate backup with user-defined key/value pairs.
Users can attach informative key/value pairs to the backup. This option may be used multiple times to attach multiple annotations.
Annotations are output by the info command text output when a backup is specified with --set and always appear in the JSON output.
example: annotation=source="Sunday backup for website database"
Check Archive Option (--archive-check)
Check that WAL segments are in the archive before backup completes.
Checks that all WAL segments required to make the backup consistent are present in the WAL archive. It's a good idea to leave this as the default unless you are using another method for archiving.
This option must be enabled if archive-copy is enabled.
default: y
example: archive-check=n
Copy Archive Option (--archive-copy)
Copy WAL segments needed for consistency to the backup.
This slightly paranoid option protects against corruption in the WAL segment archive by storing the WAL segments required for consistency directly in the backup. WAL segments are still stored in the archive so this option will use additional space.
It is best if the archive-push and backup commands have the same compress-type (e.g. lz4) when using this option. Otherwise, the WAL segments will need to be recompressed with the compress-type used by the backup, which can be fairly expensive depending on how much WAL was generated during the backup.
On restore, the WAL segments will be present in pg_xlog/pg_wal and PostgreSQL will use them in preference to calling the restore_command.
The archive-check option must be enabled if archive-copy is enabled.
default: n
example: archive-copy=y
Check Archive Mode Option (--archive-mode-check)
Check the PostgreSQL archive_mode setting.
Enabled by default, this option disallows PostgreSQL archive_mode=always.
WAL segments pushed from a standby server might be logically the same as WAL segments pushed from the primary but have different checksums. Disabling archiving from multiple sources is recommended to avoid conflicts.
CAUTION:
If this option is disabled then it is critical to ensure that only one archiver is writing to the repository via the archive-push command.
default: y
example: archive-mode-check=n
Backup from Standby Option (--backup-standby)
Backup from the standby cluster.
Enable backup from standby to reduce load on the primary cluster. This option requires that both the primary and standby hosts be configured.
default: n
example: backup-standby=y
Page Checksums Option (--checksum-page)
Validate data page checksums.
Directs pgBackRest to validate all data page checksums while backing up a cluster. This option is automatically enabled when data page checksums are enabled on the cluster.
Failures in checksum validation will not abort a backup. Rather, warnings will be emitted in the log (and to the console with default settings) and the list of invalid pages will be stored in the backup manifest.
example: checksum-page=n
Path/File Exclusions Option (--exclude)
Exclude paths/files from the backup.
All exclusions are relative to $PGDATA. If the exclusion ends with / then only files in the specified directory will be excluded, e.g. --exclude=junk/ will exclude all files in the $PGDATA/junk directory but include the directory itself. If the exclusion does not end with / then the file may match the exclusion exactly or match with / appended to the exclusion, e.g. --exclude=junk will exclude the $PGDATA/junk directory and all the files it contains.
Be careful using this feature -- it is very easy to exclude something critical that will make the backup inconsistent. Be sure to test your restores!
All excluded files will be logged at info level along with the exclusion rule. Be sure to audit the list of excluded files to ensure nothing unexpected is being excluded.
NOTE:
Exclusions are not honored on delta restores. Any files/directories that were excluded by the backup will be removed on delta restore.
This option should not be used to exclude PostgreSQL logs from a backup. Logs can be moved out of the PGDATA directory using the PostgreSQL log_directory setting, which has the benefit of allowing logs to be preserved after a restore.
Multiple exclusions may be specified on the command-line or in a configuration file.
example: exclude=junk/
Expire Auto Option (--expire-auto)
Automatically run the expire command after a successful backup.
The setting is enabled by default. Use caution when disabling this option as doing so will result in retaining all backups and archives indefinitely, which could cause your repository to run out of space. The expire command will need to be run regularly to prevent this from happening.
default: y
example: expire-auto=y
Manifest Save Threshold Option (--manifest-save-threshold)
Manifest save threshold during backup.
Defines how often the manifest will be saved during a backup. Saving the manifest is important because it stores the checksums and allows the resume function to work efficiently. The actual threshold used is 1% of the backup size or manifest-save-threshold, whichever is greater.
default: 1GiB
allowed: 1-1TiB
example: manifest-save-threshold=8GiB
Resume Option (--resume)
Allow resume of failed backup.
Defines whether the resume feature is enabled. Resume can greatly reduce the amount of time required to run a backup after a previous backup of the same type has failed. It adds complexity, however, so it may be desirable to disable in environments that do not require the feature.
default: y
example: resume=n
Start Fast Option (--start-fast)
Force a checkpoint to start backup quickly.
Forces a checkpoint (by passing y to the fast parameter of the backup start function) so the backup begins immediately. Otherwise the backup will start after the next regular checkpoint.
default: n
example: start-fast=y
Stop Auto Option (--stop-auto)
Stop prior failed backup on new backup.
This will only be done if an exclusive advisory lock can be acquired to demonstrate that the prior failed backup process has really stopped.
This feature is not supported for PostgreSQL >= 9.6 since backups are run in non-exclusive mode.
The setting is disabled by default because it assumes that pgBackRest is the only process doing exclusive online backups. It depends on an advisory lock that only pgBackRest sets so it may abort other processes that do exclusive online backups. Note that base_backup and pg_dump are safe to use with this setting because they do not call pg_start_backup() so are not exclusive.
default: n
example: stop-auto=y
General Options
The general section defines options that are common for many commands.
Buffer Size Option (--buffer-size)
Buffer size for I/O operations.
Buffer size used for copy, compress, encrypt, and other operations. The number of buffers used depends on options and each operation may use additional memory, e.g. gz compression may use an additional 256KiB of memory.
Allowed values are 16KiB, 32KiB, 64KiB, 128KiB, 256KiB, 512KiB, 1MiB, 2MiB, 4MiB, 8MiB, and 16MiB.
default: 1MiB
example: buffer-size=2MiB
pgBackRest Command Option (--cmd)
pgBackRest command.
pgBackRest may generate a command string, e.g. when the restore command generates the restore_command setting. The command used to run the pgBackRest process will be used in this case unless the cmd option is provided.
CAUTION:
Wrapping the pgBackRest command may cause unpredictable behavior and is not recommended.
example: cmd=/var/lib/pgsql/bin/pgbackrest_wrapper.sh
SSH Client Command Option (--cmd-ssh)
SSH client command.
Use a specific SSH client command when an alternate is desired or the ssh command is not in $PATH.
default: ssh
example: cmd-ssh=/usr/bin/ssh
Compress Option (--compress)
Use file compression.
Backup files are compatible with command-line compression tools.
This option is now deprecated. The compress-type option should be used instead.
default: y
example: compress=n
Compress Level Option (--compress-level)
File compression level.
Sets the level to be used for file compression when compress-type does not equal none or compress=y (deprecated).
The following are the defaults levels based on compress-type when compress-level is not specified:
  • bz2 - 9
  • gz - 6
  • lz4 - 1
  • zst - 3
example: compress-level=9
Network Compress Level Option (--compress-level-network)
Network compression level.
Sets the network compression level when compress-type=none and the command is not run on the same host as the repository. Compression is used to reduce network traffic but can be disabled by setting compress-level-network=0. When compress-type does not equal none the compress-level-network setting is ignored and compress-level is used instead so that the file is only compressed once.
default: 3
allowed: 0-9
example: compress-level-network=1
Compress Type Option (--compress-type)
File compression type.
The following compression types are supported:
  • none - no compression
  • bz2 - bzip2 compression format
  • gz - gzip compression format
  • lz4 - lz4 compression format (not available on all platforms)
  • zst - Zstandard compression format (not available on all platforms)
default: gz
example: compress-type=none
Config Option (--config)
pgBackRest configuration file.
Use this option to specify a different configuration file than the default.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH "/" PROJECT_CONFIG_FILE
example: config=/conf/pgbackrest/pgbackrest.conf
Config Include Path Option (--config-include-path)
Path to additional pgBackRest configuration files.
Configuration files existing in the specified location with extension .conf will be concatenated with the pgBackRest configuration file, resulting in one configuration file.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH "/" PROJECT_CONFIG_INCLUDE_PATH
example: config-include-path=/conf/pgbackrest/conf.d
Config Path Option (--config-path)
Base path of pgBackRest configuration files.
This setting is used to override the default base path setting for the --config and --config-include-path options unless they are explicitly set on the command-line.
For example, passing only --config-path=/conf/pgbackrest results in the --config default being set to /conf/pgbackrest/pgbackrest.conf and the --config-include-path default being set to /conf/pgbackrest/conf.d.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH
example: config-path=/conf/pgbackrest
Database Timeout Option (--db-timeout)
Database query timeout.
Sets the timeout, in seconds, for queries against the database. This includes the backup start/stop functions which can each take a substantial amount of time. Because of this the timeout should be kept high unless you know that these functions will return quickly (i.e. if you have set start-fast=y and you know that the database cluster will not generate many WAL segments during the backup).
NOTE:
The db-timeout option must be less than the protocol-timeout option.
default: 1800
allowed: 0.1-604800
example: db-timeout=600
Delta Option (--delta)
Restore or backup using checksums.
During a restore, by default the PostgreSQL data and tablespace directories are expected to be present but empty. This option performs a delta restore using checksums.
During a backup, this option will use checksums instead of the timestamps to determine if files will be copied.
default: n
example: delta=y
Dry Run Option (--dry-run)
Execute a dry-run for the command.
The --dry-run option is a command-line only option and can be passed when it is desirable to determine what modifications will be made by the command without the command actually making any modifications.
default: n
example: dry-run=y
I/O Timeout Option (--io-timeout)
I/O timeout.
Timeout, in seconds, used for connections and read/write operations.
Note that the entire read/write operation does not need to complete within this timeout but some progress must be made, even if it is only a single byte.
default: 60
allowed: 0.1-3600
example: io-timeout=120
Lock Path Option (--lock-path)
Path where lock files are stored.
The lock path provides a location for pgBackRest to create lock files to prevent conflicting operations from being run concurrently.
default: /tmp/pgbackrest
example: lock-path=/backup/db/lock
Neutral Umask Option (--neutral-umask)
Use a neutral umask.
Sets the umask to 0000 so modes in the repository are created in a sensible way. The default directory mode is 0750 and default file mode is 0640. The lock and log directories set the directory and file mode to 0770 and 0660 respectively.
To use the executing user's umask instead specify neutral-umask=n in the config file or --no-neutral-umask on the command line.
default: y
example: neutral-umask=n
Process Maximum Option (--process-max)
Max processes to use for compress/transfer.
Each process will perform compression and transfer to make the command run faster, but don't set process-max so high that it impacts database performance.
default: 1
allowed: 1-999
example: process-max=4
Protocol Timeout Option (--protocol-timeout)
Protocol timeout.
Sets the timeout, in seconds, that the local or remote process will wait for a new message to be received on the protocol layer. This prevents processes from waiting indefinitely for a message.
NOTE:
The protocol-timeout option must be greater than the db-timeout option.
default: 1830
allowed: 0.1-604800
example: protocol-timeout=630
Raw Data Option (--raw)
Do not transform data.
Do not transform (i.e, encrypt, decompress, etc.) data for the current command.
default: n
example: raw=y
Keep Alive Option (--sck-keep-alive)
Keep-alive enable.
Enables keep-alive messages on socket connections.
default: y
example: sck-keep-alive=n
Spool Path Option (--spool-path)
Path where transient data is stored.
This path is used to store data for the asynchronous archive-push and archive-get command.
The asynchronous archive-push command writes acknowledgements into the spool path when it has successfully stored WAL in the archive (and errors on failure) so the foreground process can quickly notify PostgreSQL. Acknowledgement files are very small (zero on success and a few hundred bytes on error).
The asynchronous archive-get command queues WAL in the spool path so it can be provided very quickly when PostgreSQL requests it. Moving files to PostgreSQL is most efficient when the spool path is on the same filesystem as pg_xlog/pg_wal.
The data stored in the spool path is not strictly temporary since it can and should survive a reboot. However, loss of the data in the spool path is not a problem. pgBackRest will simply recheck each WAL segment to ensure it is safely archived for archive-push and rebuild the queue for archive-get.
The spool path is intended to be located on a local Posix-compatible filesystem, not a remote filesystem such as NFS or CIFS.
default: /var/spool/pgbackrest
example: spool-path=/backup/db/spool
Stanza Option (--stanza)
Defines the stanza.
A stanza is the configuration for a PostgreSQL database cluster that defines where it is located, how it will be backed up, archiving options, etc. Most db servers will only have one PostgreSQL database cluster and therefore one stanza, whereas backup servers will have a stanza for every database cluster that needs to be backed up.
It is tempting to name the stanza after the primary cluster but a better name describes the databases contained in the cluster. Because the stanza name will be used for the primary and all replicas it is more appropriate to choose a name that describes the actual function of the cluster, such as app or dw, rather than the local cluster name, such as main or prod.
example: stanza=main
Keep Alive Count Option (--tcp-keep-alive-count)
Keep-alive count.
Specifies the number of TCP keep-alive messages that can be lost before the connection is considered dead.
This option is available on systems that support the TCP_KEEPCNT socket option.
allowed: 1-32
example: tcp-keep-alive-count=3
Keep Alive Idle Option (--tcp-keep-alive-idle)
Keep-alive idle time.
Specifies the amount of time (in seconds) with no network activity after which the operating system should send a TCP keep-alive message.
This option is available on systems that support the TCP_KEEPIDLE socket option.
allowed: 1-3600
example: tcp-keep-alive-idle=60
Keep Alive Interval Option (--tcp-keep-alive-interval)
Keep-alive interval time.
Specifies the amount of time (in seconds) after which a TCP keep-alive message that has not been acknowledged should be retransmitted.
This option is available on systems that support the TCP_KEEPINTVL socket option.
allowed: 1-900
example: tcp-keep-alive-interval=30
Log Options
The log section defines logging-related settings.
CAUTION:
Trace-level logging may expose secrets such as keys and passwords. Use with caution!
Console Log Level Option (--log-level-console)
Level for console logging.
The following log levels are supported:
  • off - No logging at all (not recommended)
  • error - Log only errors
  • warn - Log warnings and errors
  • info - Log info, warnings, and errors
  • detail - Log detail, info, warnings, and errors
  • debug - Log debug, detail, info, warnings, and errors
  • trace - Log trace (very verbose debugging), debug, info, warnings, and errors
default: warn
example: log-level-console=error
File Log Level Option (--log-level-file)
Level for file logging.
The following log levels are supported:
  • off - No logging at all (not recommended)
  • error - Log only errors
  • warn - Log warnings and errors
  • info - Log info, warnings, and errors
  • detail - Log detail, info, warnings, and errors
  • debug - Log debug, detail, info, warnings, and errors
  • trace - Log trace (very verbose debugging), debug, info, warnings, and errors
default: info
example: log-level-file=debug
Std Error Log Level Option (--log-level-stderr)
Level for stderr logging.
Specifies which log levels will output to stderr rather than stdout (specified by log-level-console). The timestamp and process will not be output to stderr.
The following log levels are supported:
  • off - No logging at all (not recommended)
  • error - Log only errors
  • warn - Log warnings and errors
  • info - Log info, warnings, and errors
  • detail - Log detail, info, warnings, and errors
  • debug - Log debug, detail, info, warnings, and errors
  • trace - Log trace (very verbose debugging), debug, info, warnings, and errors
default: warn
example: log-level-stderr=error
Log Path Option (--log-path)
Path where log files are stored.
The log path provides a location for pgBackRest to store log files. Note that if log-level-file=off then no log path is required.
default: /var/log/pgbackrest
example: log-path=/backup/db/log
Log Subprocesses Option (--log-subprocess)
Enable logging in subprocesses.
Enable file logging for any subprocesses created by this process using the log level specified by log-level-file.
default: n
example: log-subprocess=y
Log Timestamp Option (--log-timestamp)
Enable timestamp in logging.
Enables the timestamp in console and file logging. This option is disabled in special situations such as generating documentation.
default: y
example: log-timestamp=n
Maintainer Options
Maintainer options are intended to support PostgreSQL forks. The proper settings should be determined by the fork maintainer and then communicated to users of the fork.
WARNING:
Improper use of these options may lead to unexpected behavior or data corruption.
It is the responsibility of the fork maintainer to test pgBackRest with the required options. pgBackRest does not guarantee compatibility with any fork.
Check WAL Headers Option (--archive-header-check)
Check PostgreSQL version/id in WAL headers.
Enabled by default, this option checks the WAL header against the PostgreSQL version and system identifier to ensure that the WAL is being copied to the correct stanza. This is in addition to checking pg_control against the stanza and verifying that WAL is being copied from the same PostgreSQL data directory where pg_control is located.
Therefore, disabling this check is fairly safe but should only be done when needed, e.g. if the WAL is encrypted.
default: y
example: archive-header-check=n
Page Header Check Option (--page-header-check)
Check PostgreSQL page headers.
Enabled by default, this option adds page header checks.
Disabling this option should be avoided except when necessary, e.g. if pages are encrypted.
default: y
example: page-header-check=n
Force PostgreSQL Version Option (--pg-version-force)
Force PostgreSQL version.
The specified PostgreSQL version will be used instead of the version automatically detected by reading pg_control or WAL headers. This is mainly useful for PostgreSQL forks or development versions where those values are different from the release version. The version reported by PostgreSQL via `server_version_num` must match the forced version.
WARNING:
Be cautious when using this option because pg_control and WAL headers will still be read with the expected format for the specified version, i.e. the format from the official open-source version of PostgreSQL. If the fork or development version changes the format of the fields that pgBackRest depends on it will lead to unexpected behavior. In general, this option will only work as expected if the fork adds all custom struct members after the standard PostgreSQL members.
example: pg-version-force=15
Repository Options
The repository section defines options used to configure the repository.
Indexing: All repo- options are indexed to allow for configuring multiple repositories. For example, a single repository is configured with the repo1-path, repo1-host, etc. options. If there is more than one repository configured and the --repo option is not specified for a command, the repositories will be acted upon in highest priority order (e.g. repo1 then repo2).
The repo-retention-* options define how long backups will be retained. Expiration only occurs when the count of complete backups exceeds the allowed retention. In other words, if repo1-retention-full-type is set to count (default) and repo1-retention-full is set to 2, then there must be 3 complete backups before the oldest will be expired. If repo1-retention-full-type is set to time then repo1-retention-full represents days so there must be at least that many days worth of full backups before expiration can occur. Make sure you always have enough space for retention + 1 backups.
Set Repository Option (--repo)
Set repository.
Set the repository for a command to operate on.
For example, this option may be used to perform a restore from a specific repository, rather than letting pgBackRest choose.
allowed: 1-256
example: repo=1
Azure Repository Account Option (--repo-azure-account)
Azure repository account.
Azure account used to store the repository.
example: repo1-azure-account=pg-backup
Azure Repository Container Option (--repo-azure-container)
Azure repository container.
Azure container used to store the repository.
pgBackRest repositories can be stored in the container root by setting repo-path=/ but it is usually best to specify a prefix, such as /repo, so logs and other Azure-generated content can also be stored in the container.
example: repo1-azure-container=pg-backup
Azure Repository Endpoint Option (--repo-azure-endpoint)
Azure repository endpoint.
Endpoint used to connect to the blob service. The default is generally correct unless using Azure Government.
For custom/test configurations the repo-storage-ca-file, repo-storage-ca-path, repo-storage-host, repo-storage-port, and repo-storage-verify-tls options may be useful.
default: blob.core.windows.net
example: repo1-azure-endpoint=blob.core.usgovcloudapi.net
Azure Repository Key Option (--repo-azure-key)
Azure repository key.
A shared key or shared access signature depending on the repo-azure-key-type option.
example: repo1-azure-key=T+9+aov82qNhrcXSNGZCzm9mjd4d75/oxxOr6r1JVpgTLA==
Azure Repository Key Type Option (--repo-azure-key-type)
Azure repository key type.
The following types are supported for authorization:
  • shared - Shared key
  • sas - Shared access signature
default: shared
example: repo1-azure-key-type=sas
Azure Repository URI Style Option (--repo-azure-uri-style)
Azure URI Style.
The following URI styles are supported:
  • host - Connect to account.endpoint host.
  • path - Connect to endpoint host and prepend account to URIs.
default: host
example: repo1-azure-uri-style=path
Block Incremental Backup Option (--repo-block)
Enable block incremental backup.
Block incremental allows for more granular backups by splitting files into blocks that can be backed up independently. This saves space in the repository and can improve delta restore performance because individual blocks can be fetched without reading the entire file from the repository.
NOTE:
The repo-bundle option must be enabled before repo-block can be enabled.
The block size for a file is determined based on the file size and age. Generally, older/larger files will get larger block sizes. If a file is old enough, it will not be backed up using block incremental.
Block incremental is most efficient when enabled for all backup types, including full. This makes the full a bit larger but subsequent differential and incremental backups can make use of the block maps generated by the full backup to save space.
default: n
example: repo1-block=y
Repository Bundles Option (--repo-bundle)
Bundle files in repository.
Bundle (combine) smaller files to reduce the total number of files written to the repository. Writing fewer files is generally more efficient, especially on object stores such as S3. In addition, zero-length files are not stored (except in the manifest), which saves time and space.
default: n
example: repo1-bundle=y
Repository Bundle Limit Option (--repo-bundle-limit)
Limit for file bundles.
Size limit for files that will be included in bundles. Files larger than this size will be stored separately.
Bundled files cannot be reused when a backup is resumed, so this option controls the files that can be resumed, i.e. higher values result in fewer resumable files.
default: 2MiB
allowed: 8KiB-1PiB
example: repo1-bundle-limit=10MiB
Repository Bundle Size Option (--repo-bundle-size)
Target size for file bundles.
Defines the total size of files that will be added to a single bundle. Most bundles will be smaller than this size but it is possible that some will be slightly larger, so do not set this option to the maximum size that your file system allows.
In general, it is not a good idea to set this option too high because retries will need to redo the entire bundle.
default: 20MiB
allowed: 1MiB-1PiB
example: repo1-bundle-size=10MiB
Repository Cipher Passphrase Option (--repo-cipher-pass)
Repository cipher passphrase.
Passphrase used to encrypt/decrypt files of the repository.
example: repo1-cipher-pass=zWaf6XtpjIVZC5444yXB+cgFDFl7MxGlgkZSaoPvTGirhPygu4jOKOXf9LO4vjfO
Repository Cipher Type Option (--repo-cipher-type)
Cipher used to encrypt the repository.
The following cipher types are supported:
  • none - The repository is not encrypted
  • aes-256-cbc - Advanced Encryption Standard with 256 bit key length
Note that encryption is always performed client-side even if the repository type (e.g. S3) supports encryption.
default: none
example: repo1-cipher-type=aes-256-cbc
GCS Repository Bucket Option (--repo-gcs-bucket)
GCS repository bucket.
GCS bucket used to store the repository.
pgBackRest repositories can be stored in the bucket root by setting repo-path=/ but it is usually best to specify a prefix, such as /repo, so logs and other GCS-generated content can also be stored in the bucket.
example: repo1-gcs-bucket=/pg-backup
GCS Repository Endpoint Option (--repo-gcs-endpoint)
GCS repository endpoint.
Endpoint used to connect to the storage service. May be updated to use a local GCS server or alternate endpoint.
default: storage.googleapis.com
example: repo1-gcs-endpoint=localhost
GCS Repository Key Option (--repo-gcs-key)
GCS repository key.
A token or service key file depending on the repo-gcs-key-type option.
example: repo1-gcs-key=/etc/pgbackrest/gcs-key.json
GCS Repository Key Type Option (--repo-gcs-key-type)
GCS repository key type.
The following types are supported for authorization:
  • auto - Authorize using the instance service account.
  • service - Service account from locally stored key.
  • token - For local testing, e.g. fakegcs.
When repo-gcs-key-type=service the credentials will be reloaded when the authentication token is renewed.
default: service
example: repo1-gcs-key-type=auto
Repository Hardlink Option (--repo-hardlink)
Hardlink files between backups in the repository.
Enable hard-linking of files in differential and incremental backups to their full backups. This gives the appearance that each backup is a full backup at the file-system level. Be careful, though, because modifying files that are hard-linked can affect all the backups in the set.
default: n
example: repo1-hardlink=y
Deprecated Name: hardlink
Repository Host Option (--repo-host)
Repository host when operating remotely.
When backing up and archiving to a locally mounted filesystem this setting is not required.
example: repo1-host=repo1.domain.com
Deprecated Name: backup-host
Repository Host Certificate Authority File Option (--repo-host-ca-file)
Repository host certificate authority file.
Use a CA file other than the system default for connecting to the repository host.
example: repo1-host-ca-file=/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt
Repository Host Certificate Authority Path Option (--repo-host-ca-path)
Repository host certificate authority path.
Use a CA path other than the system default for connecting to the repository host.
example: repo1-host-ca-path=/etc/pki/tls/certs
Repository Host Certificate File Option (--repo-host-cert-file)
Repository host certificate file.
Sent to repository host to prove client identity.
example: repo1-host-cert-file=/path/to/client.crt
Repository Host Command Option (--repo-host-cmd)
Repository host pgBackRest command.
Required only if the path to the pgBackRest command is different on the local and repository hosts. If not defined, the repository host command will be set the same as the local command.
example: repo1-host-cmd=/usr/lib/backrest/bin/pgbackrest
Deprecated Name: backup-cmd
Repository Host Configuration Option (--repo-host-config)
pgBackRest repository host configuration file.
Sets the location of the configuration file on the repository host. This is only required if the repository host configuration file is in a different location than the local configuration file.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH "/" PROJECT_CONFIG_FILE
example: repo1-host-config=/conf/pgbackrest/pgbackrest.conf
Deprecated Name: backup-config
Repository Host Configuration Include Path Option (--repo-host-config-include-path)
pgBackRest repository host configuration include path.
Sets the location of the configuration include path on the repository host. This is only required if the repository host configuration include path is in a different location than the local configuration include path.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH "/" PROJECT_CONFIG_INCLUDE_PATH
example: repo1-host-config-include-path=/conf/pgbackrest/conf.d
Repository Host Configuration Path Option (--repo-host-config-path)
pgBackRest repository host configuration path.
Sets the location of the configuration path on the repository host. This is only required if the repository host configuration path is in a different location than the local configuration path.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH
example: repo1-host-config-path=/conf/pgbackrest
Repository Host Key File Option (--repo-host-key-file)
Repository host key file.
Proves client certificate was sent by owner.
example: repo1-host-key-file=/path/to/client.key
Repository Host Port Option (--repo-host-port)
Repository host port when repo-host is set.
Use this option to specify a non-default port for the repository host protocol.
allowed: 0-65535
example: repo1-host-port=25
Deprecated Name: backup-ssh-port
Repository Host Protocol Type Option (--repo-host-type)
Repository host protocol type.
The following protocol types are supported:
  • ssh - Secure Shell.
  • tls - pgBackRest TLS server.
default: ssh
example: repo1-host-type=tls
Repository Host User Option (--repo-host-user)
Repository host user when repo-host is set.
Defines the user that will be used for operations on the repository host. Preferably this is not the postgres user but rather some other user like pgbackrest. If PostgreSQL runs on the repository host the postgres user can be placed in the pgbackrest group so it has read permissions on the repository without being able to damage the contents accidentally.
default: pgbackrest
example: repo1-host-user=repo-user
Deprecated Name: backup-user
Repository Path Option (--repo-path)
Path where backups and archive are stored.
The repository is where pgBackRest stores backups and archives WAL segments.
It may be difficult to estimate in advance how much space you'll need. The best thing to do is take some backups then record the size of different types of backups (full/incr/diff) and measure the amount of WAL generated per day. This will give you a general idea of how much space you'll need, though of course requirements will likely change over time as your database evolves.
default: /var/lib/pgbackrest
example: repo1-path=/backup/db/backrest
Archive Retention Option (--repo-retention-archive)
Number of backups worth of continuous WAL to retain.
NOTE:
WAL segments required to make a backup consistent are always retained until the backup is expired regardless of how this option is configured.
If this value is not set and repo-retention-full-type is count (default), then the archive to expire will default to the repo-retention-full (or repo-retention-diff) value corresponding to the repo-retention-archive-type if set to full (or diff). This will ensure that WAL is only expired for backups that are already expired. If repo-retention-full-type is time, then this value will default to removing archives that are earlier than the oldest full backup retained after satisfying the repo-retention-full setting.
This option must be set if repo-retention-archive-type is set to incr. If disk space is at a premium, then this setting, in conjunction with repo-retention-archive-type, can be used to aggressively expire WAL segments. However, doing so negates the ability to perform PITR from the backups with expired WAL and is therefore not recommended.
allowed: 1-9999999
example: repo1-retention-archive=2
Deprecated Name: retention-archive
Archive Retention Type Option (--repo-retention-archive-type)
Backup type for WAL retention.
If set to full pgBackRest will keep archive logs for the number of full backups defined by repo-retention-archive. If set to diff (differential) pgBackRest will keep archive logs for the number of full and differential backups defined by repo-retention-archive, meaning if the last backup taken was a full backup, it will be counted as a differential for the purpose of repo-retention. If set to incr (incremental) pgBackRest will keep archive logs for the number of full, differential, and incremental backups defined by repo-retention-archive. It is recommended that this setting not be changed from the default which will only expire WAL in conjunction with expiring full backups.
default: full
example: repo1-retention-archive-type=diff
Deprecated Name: retention-archive-type
Differential Retention Option (--repo-retention-diff)
Number of differential backups to retain.
When a differential backup expires, all incremental backups associated with the differential backup will also expire. When not defined all differential backups will be kept until the full backups they depend on expire.
allowed: 1-9999999
example: repo1-retention-diff=3
Deprecated Name: retention-diff
Full Retention Option (--repo-retention-full)
Full backup retention count/time.
When a full backup expires, all differential and incremental backups associated with the full backup will also expire. When the option is not defined a warning will be issued. If indefinite retention is desired then set the option to the max value.
allowed: 1-9999999
example: repo1-retention-full=2
Deprecated Name: retention-full
Full Retention Type Option (--repo-retention-full-type)
Retention type for full backups.
Determines whether the repo-retention-full setting represents a time period (days) or count of full backups to keep. If set to time then full backups older than repo-retention-full will be removed from the repository if there is at least one backup that is equal to or greater than the repo-retention-full setting. For example, if repo-retention-full is 30 (days) and there are 2 full backups: one 25 days old and one 35 days old, no full backups will be expired because expiring the 35 day old backup would leave only the 25 day old backup, which would violate the 30 day retention policy of having at least one backup 30 days old before an older one can be expired. Archived WAL older than the oldest full backup remaining will be automatically expired unless repo-retention-archive-type and repo-retention-archive are explicitly set.
default: count
example: repo1-retention-full-type=time
Backup History Retention Option (--repo-retention-history)
Days of backup history manifests to retain.
A copy of the backup manifest is stored in the backup.history path when a backup completes. By default these files are never expired since they are useful for data mining, e.g. measuring backup and WAL growth over time.
Set repo-retention-history to define the number of days of backup history manifests to retain. Unexpired backups are always kept in the backup history. Specify repo-retention-history=0 to retain the backup history only for unexpired backups.
When a full backup history manifest is expired, all differential and incremental backup history manifests associated with the full backup also expire.
allowed: 0-9999999
example: repo1-retention-history=365
S3 Repository Bucket Option (--repo-s3-bucket)
S3 repository bucket.
S3 bucket used to store the repository.
pgBackRest repositories can be stored in the bucket root by setting repo-path=/ but it is usually best to specify a prefix, such as /repo, so logs and other AWS generated content can also be stored in the bucket.
example: repo1-s3-bucket=pg-backup
S3 Repository Endpoint Option (--repo-s3-endpoint)
S3 repository endpoint.
The AWS endpoint should be valid for the selected region.
For custom/test configurations the repo-storage-ca-file, repo-storage-ca-path, repo-storage-host, repo-storage-port, and repo-storage-verify-tls options may be useful.
example: repo1-s3-endpoint=s3.amazonaws.com
S3 Repository Access Key Option (--repo-s3-key)
S3 repository access key.
AWS key used to access this bucket.
example: repo1-s3-key=AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE
S3 Repository Secret Access Key Option (--repo-s3-key-secret)
S3 repository secret access key.
AWS secret key used to access this bucket.
example: repo1-s3-key-secret=wJalrXUtnFEMI/K7MDENG/bPxRfiCYEXAMPLEKEY
S3 Repository Key Type Option (--repo-s3-key-type)
S3 repository key type.
The following types are supported:
  • shared - Shared keys
  • auto - Automatically retrieve temporary credentials
  • web-id - Automatically retrieve web identity credentials
default: shared
example: repo1-s3-key-type=auto
S3 Repository KMS Key ID Option (--repo-s3-kms-key-id)
S3 repository KMS key.
Setting this option enables S3 server-side encryption using the specified AWS key management service key.
example: repo1-s3-kms-key-id=bceb4f13-6939-4be3-910d-df54dee817b7
S3 Repository Region Option (--repo-s3-region)
S3 repository region.
The AWS region where the bucket was created.
example: repo1-s3-region=us-east-1
S3 Repository Role Option (--repo-s3-role)
S3 repository role.
The AWS role name (not the full ARN) used to retrieve temporary credentials when repo-s3-key-type=auto.
example: repo1-s3-role=authrole
S3 Repository Security Token Option (--repo-s3-token)
S3 repository security token.
AWS security token used with temporary credentials.
example: repo1-s3-token=AQoDYXdzEPT//////////wEXAMPLEtc764bNrC9SAPBSM22 ...
S3 Repository URI Style Option (--repo-s3-uri-style)
S3 URI Style.
The following URI styles are supported:
  • host - Connect to bucket.endpoint host.
  • path - Connect to endpoint host and prepend bucket to URIs.
default: host
example: repo1-s3-uri-style=path
SFTP Repository Host Option (--repo-sftp-host)
SFTP repository host.
The SFTP host containing the repository.
example: repo1-sftp-host=sftprepo.domain
SFTP Repository Host Fingerprint Option (--repo-sftp-host-fingerprint)
SFTP repository host fingerprint.
SFTP repository host fingerprint generation should match the repo-sftp-host-key-hash-type. Generate the fingerprint via awk '{print $2}' ssh_host_xxx_key.pub | base64 -d | (md5sum or sha1sum) -b. The ssh host keys are normally found in the /etc/ssh directory.
example: repo1-sftp-host-fingerprint=f84e172dfead7aeeeae6c1fdfb5aa8cf
SFTP Host Key Check Type Option (--repo-sftp-host-key-check-type)
SFTP host key check type.
The following SFTP host key check types are supported:
  • strict - pgBackRest will never automatically add host keys to the ~/.ssh/known_hosts file, and refuses to connect to hosts whose host key has changed or is not found in the known hosts files. This option forces the user to manually add all new hosts.
  • accept-new - pgBackRest will automatically add new host keys to the user's known hosts file, but will not permit connections to hosts with changed host keys.
  • fingerprint - pgBackRest will check the host key against the fingerprint specified by the repo-sftp-host-fingerprint option.
  • none - no host key checking will be performed.
default: strict
example: repo1-sftp-host-key-check-type=accept-new
SFTP Repository Host Key Hash Type Option (--repo-sftp-host-key-hash-type)
SFTP repository host key hash type.
SFTP repository host key hash type. Declares the hash type to be used to compute the digest of the remote system's host key on SSH startup. Newer versions of libssh2 support sha256 in addition to md5 and sha1.
example: repo1-sftp-host-key-hash-type=sha256
SFTP Repository Host Port Option (--repo-sftp-host-port)
SFTP repository host port.
SFTP repository host port.
default: 22
allowed: 1-65535
example: repo1-sftp-host-port=22
SFTP Repository Host User Option (--repo-sftp-host-user)
SFTP repository host user.
User on the host used to store the repository.
example: repo1-sftp-host-user=pg-backup
SFTP Known Hosts File Option (--repo-sftp-known-host)
SFTP known hosts file.
A known hosts file to search for an SFTP host match during authentication. When unspecified, pgBackRest will default to searching ~/.ssh/known_hosts, ~/.ssh/known_hosts2, /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts, and /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts2. If configured with one or more file paths, pgBackRest will search those for a match. File paths must be full or leading tilde paths. The repo-sftp-known-host option can be passed multiple times to specify more than one known hosts file to search. To utilize known hosts file checking repo-sftp-host-fingerprint must not be specified. See also repo-sftp-host-check-type option.
example: repo1-sftp-known-host=/home/postgres/.ssh/known_hosts
SFTP Repository Private Key File Option (--repo-sftp-private-key-file)
SFTP private key file.
SFTP private key file used for authentication.
example: repo1-sftp-private-key-file=~/.ssh/id_ed25519
SFTP Repository Private Key Passphrase Option (--repo-sftp-private-key-passphrase)
SFTP private key passphrase.
Passphrase used to access the private key. This is an optional feature when creating an SSH public/private key pair.
example: repo1-sftp-private-key-passphrase=BeSureToGenerateAndUseASecurePassphrase
SFTP Repository Public Key File Option (--repo-sftp-public-key-file)
SFTP public key file.
SFTP public key file used for authentication. Optional if compiled against OpenSSL, required if compiled against a different library.
example: repo1-sftp-public-key-file=~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub
Repository Storage CA File Option (--repo-storage-ca-file)
Repository storage CA file.
Use a CA file other than the system default for storage (e.g. S3, Azure) certificates.
example: repo1-storage-ca-file=/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt
Deprecated Names: repo-azure-ca-file, repo-s3-ca-file
Repository Storage TLS CA Path Option (--repo-storage-ca-path)
Repository storage CA path.
Use a CA path other than the system default for storage (e.g. S3, Azure) certificates.
example: repo1-storage-ca-path=/etc/pki/tls/certs
Deprecated Names: repo-azure-ca-path, repo-s3-ca-path
Repository Storage Host Option (--repo-storage-host)
Repository storage host.
Connect to a host other than the storage (e.g. S3, Azure) endpoint. This is typically used for testing.
example: repo1-storage-host=127.0.0.1
Deprecated Names: repo-azure-host, repo-s3-host
Repository Storage Port Option (--repo-storage-port)
Repository storage port.
Port to use when connecting to the storage (e.g. S3, Azure) endpoint (or host if specified).
default: 443
allowed: 1-65535
example: repo1-storage-port=9000
Deprecated Names: repo-azure-port, repo-s3-port
Repository Storage Tag Option (--repo-storage-tag)
Repository storage tag(s).
Specify tags that will be added to objects when the repository is an object store (e.g. S3). The option can be repeated to add multiple tags.
There is no provision in pgBackRest to modify these tags so be sure to set them correctly before running stanza-create to ensure uniform tags across the entire repository.
example: repo1-storage-tag=key1=value1
Repository Storage Upload Chunk Size Option (--repo-storage-upload-chunk-size)
Repository storage upload chunk size.
Object stores such as S3 allow files to be uploaded in chunks when the file is too large to be stored in memory. Even if the file can be stored in memory, it is more memory efficient to limit the amount of memory used for uploads.
A larger chunk size will generally lead to better performance because it will minimize upload requests and allow more files to be uploaded in a single request rather than in chunks. The disadvantage is that memory usage will be higher and because the chunk buffer must be allocated per process, larger process-max values will lead to more memory being consumed overall.
Default chunk sizes by repo type:
  • azure - 4MiB
  • gcs - 4MiB
  • s3 - 5MiB
Note that valid chunk sizes vary by storage type and by platform. For example, AWS S3 has a minimum chunk size of 5MiB but S3 clones may accept lower values. Terminology for chunk size varies by storage type, so when searching min/max values use part size for AWS S3, chunk size for GCS, and block size for Azure. No attempt is made to validate configured chunk sizes so selecting an invalid value will lead to errors from the storage service or undefined behavior.
allowed: 64KiB-1TiB
example: repo1-storage-upload-chunk-size=16MiB
Repository Storage Certificate Verify Option (--repo-storage-verify-tls)
Repository storage certificate verify.
This option provides the ability to enable/disable verification of the storage (e.g. S3, Azure) server TLS certificate. Disabling should only be used for testing or other scenarios where a certificate has been self-signed.
default: y
example: repo1-storage-verify-tls=n
Deprecated Names: repo-azure-verify-tls, repo-s3-verify-ssl, repo-s3-verify-tls
Repository Type Option (--repo-type)
Type of storage used for the repository.
The following repository types are supported:
  • azure - Azure Blob Storage Service
  • cifs - Like posix, but disables links and directory fsyncs
  • gcs - Google Cloud Storage
  • posix - Posix-compliant file systems
  • s3 - AWS Simple Storage Service
  • sftp - Secure File Transfer Protocol
When an NFS mount is used as a posix repository, the same rules apply to pgBackRest as described in the PostgreSQL documentation: Creating a Database Cluster - File Systems.
default: posix
example: repo1-type=cifs
Restore Options
The restore section defines settings used for restoring backups.
Archive Mode Option (--archive-mode)
Preserve or disable archiving on restored cluster.
This option allows archiving to be preserved or disabled on a restored cluster. This is useful when the cluster must be promoted to do some work but is not intended to become the new primary. In this case it is not a good idea to push WAL from the cluster into the repository.
The following modes are supported:
  • off - disable archiving by setting archive_mode=off.
  • preserve - preserve current archive_mode setting.
NOTE: This option is not available on PostgreSQL < 12.
default: preserve
example: archive-mode=off
Exclude Database Option (--db-exclude)
Restore excluding the specified databases.
Databases excluded will be restored as sparse, zeroed files to save space but still allow PostgreSQL to perform recovery. After recovery, those databases will not be accessible but can be removed with the drop database command. The --db-exclude option can be passed multiple times to specify more than one database to exclude.
When used in combination with the --db-include option, --db-exclude will only apply to standard system databases (template0, template1, and postgres).
example: db-exclude=db_main
Include Database Option (--db-include)
Restore only specified databases.
This feature allows only selected databases to be restored. Databases not specifically included will be restored as sparse, zeroed files to save space but still allow PostgreSQL to perform recovery. After recovery, the databases that were not included will not be accessible but can be removed with the drop database command.
NOTE:
built-in databases (template0, template1, and postgres) are always restored unless specifically excluded.
The --db-include option can be passed multiple times to specify more than one database to include.
See Restore Selected Databases for additional information and caveats.
example: db-include=db_main
Link All Option (--link-all)
Restore all symlinks.
By default symlinked directories and files are restored as normal directories and files in $PGDATA. This is because it may not be safe to restore symlinks to their original destinations on a system other than where the original backup was performed. This option restores all the symlinks just as they were on the original system where the backup was performed.
default: n
example: link-all=y
Link Map Option (--link-map)
Modify the destination of a symlink.
Allows the destination file or path of a symlink to be changed on restore. This is useful for restoring to systems that have a different storage layout than the original system where the backup was generated.
example: link-map=pg_xlog=/data/xlog
Recovery Option Option (--recovery-option)
Set an option in recovery.conf.
See http://www.postgresql.org/docs/X.X/static/recovery-config.html for details on recovery.conf options (replace X.X with your PostgreSQL version). This option can be used multiple times.
NOTE:
The restore_command option will be automatically generated but can be overridden with this option. Be careful about specifying your own restore_command as pgBackRest is designed to handle this for you. Target Recovery options (recovery_target_name, recovery_target_time, etc.) are generated automatically by pgBackRest and should not be set with this option.
Since pgBackRest does not start PostgreSQL after writing the recovery.conf file, it is always possible to edit/check recovery.conf before manually restarting.
example: recovery-option=primary_conninfo=db.mydomain.com
Tablespace Map Option (--tablespace-map)
Restore a tablespace into the specified directory.
Moves a tablespace to a new location during the restore. This is useful when tablespace locations are not the same on a replica, or an upgraded system has different mount points.
Tablespace locations are not stored in pg_tablespace so moving tablespaces can be done with impunity. However, moving a tablespace to the data_directory is not recommended and may cause problems. For more information on moving tablespaces http://www.databasesoup.com/2013/11/moving-tablespaces.html is a good resource.
example: tablespace-map=ts_01=/db/ts_01
Map All Tablespaces Option (--tablespace-map-all)
Restore all tablespaces into the specified directory.
Tablespaces are restored into their original locations by default. This behavior can be modified for each tablespace with the tablespace-map option, but it is sometimes preferable to remap all tablespaces to a new directory all at once. This is particularly useful for development or staging systems that may not have the same storage layout as the original system where the backup was generated.
The path specified will be the parent path used to create all the tablespaces in the backup.
example: tablespace-map-all=/data/tablespace
Server Options
The server section defines options used for configuring the TLS server.
TLS Server Address Option (--tls-server-address)
TLS server address.
IP address the server will listen on for client requests.
default: localhost
example: tls-server-address=*
TLS Server Authorized Clients Option (--tls-server-auth)
TLS server authorized clients.
Clients are authorized on the server by verifying their certificate and checking their certificate CN (Common Name) against a list on the server configured with the tls-server-auth option.
A client CN can be authorized for as many stanzas as needed by repeating the tls-server-auth option, or for all stanzas by specifying tls-server-auth=client-cn=*. Wildcards may not be specified for the client CN.
example: tls-server-auth=client-cn=stanza1
TLS Server Certificate Authorities Option (--tls-server-ca-file)
TLS server certificate authorities.
Checks that client certificates are signed by a trusted certificate authority.
example: tls-server-ca-file=/path/to/server.ca
TLS Server Certificate Option (--tls-server-cert-file)
TLS server certificate file.
Sent to the client to show the server identity.
example: tls-server-cert-file=/path/to/server.crt
TLS Server Key Option (--tls-server-key-file)
TLS server key file.
Proves server certificate was sent by the owner.
example: tls-server-key-file=/path/to/server.key
TLS Server Port Option (--tls-server-port)
TLS server port.
Port the server will listen on for client requests.
default: 8432
allowed: 1-65535
example: tls-server-port=8000
Stanza Options
A stanza defines the backup configuration for a specific PostgreSQL database cluster. The stanza section must define the database cluster path and host/user if the database cluster is remote. Also, any global configuration sections can be overridden to define stanza-specific settings.
Indexing: All pg- options are indexed to allow for configuring multiple PostgreSQL hosts. For example, a single primary is configured with the pg1-path, pg1-port, etc. options. If a standby is configured then index the pg- options on the repository host as pg2- (e.g. pg2-host, pg2-path, etc).
PostgreSQL Database Option (--pg-database)
PostgreSQL database.
The database name used when connecting to PostgreSQL. The default is usually best but some installations may not contain this database.
Note that for legacy reasons the setting of the PGDATABASE environment variable will be ignored.
default: postgres
example: pg1-database=backupdb
PostgreSQL Host Option (--pg-host)
PostgreSQL host for operating remotely.
Used for backups where the PostgreSQL host is different from the repository host.
example: pg1-host=db.domain.com
Deprecated Name: db-host
PostgreSQL Host Certificate Authority File Option (--pg-host-ca-file)
PostgreSQL host certificate authority file.
Use a CA file other than the system default for connecting to the PostgreSQL host.
example: pg1-host-ca-file=/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt
PostgreSQL Host Certificate Authority Path Option (--pg-host-ca-path)
PostgreSQL host certificate authority path.
Use a CA path other than the system default for connecting to the PostgreSQL host.
example: pg1-host-ca-path=/etc/pki/tls/certs
PostgreSQL Host Certificate File Option (--pg-host-cert-file)
PostgreSQL host certificate file.
Sent to PostgreSQL host to prove client identity.
example: pg1-host-cert-file=/path/to/client.crt
PostgreSQL Host Command Option (--pg-host-cmd)
PostgreSQL host pgBackRest command.
Required only if the path to the pgBackRest command is different on the local and PostgreSQL hosts. If not defined, the PostgreSQL host command will be set the same as the local command.
example: pg1-host-cmd=/usr/lib/backrest/bin/pgbackrest
Deprecated Name: db-cmd
PostgreSQL Host Configuration Option (--pg-host-config)
pgBackRest database host configuration file.
Sets the location of the configuration file on the PostgreSQL host. This is only required if the PostgreSQL host configuration file is in a different location than the local configuration file.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH "/" PROJECT_CONFIG_FILE
example: pg1-host-config=/conf/pgbackrest/pgbackrest.conf
Deprecated Name: db-config
PostgreSQL Host Configuration Include Path Option (--pg-host-config-include-path)
pgBackRest database host configuration include path.
Sets the location of the configuration include path on the PostgreSQL host. This is only required if the PostgreSQL host configuration include path is in a different location than the local configuration include path.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH "/" PROJECT_CONFIG_INCLUDE_PATH
example: pg1-host-config-include-path=/conf/pgbackrest/conf.d
PostgreSQL Host Configuration Path Option (--pg-host-config-path)
pgBackRest database host configuration path.
Sets the location of the configuration path on the PostgreSQL host. This is only required if the PostgreSQL host configuration path is in a different location than the local configuration path.
default: CFGOPTDEF_CONFIG_PATH
example: pg1-host-config-path=/conf/pgbackrest
PostgreSQL Host Key File Option (--pg-host-key-file)
PostgreSQL host key file.
Proves client certificate was sent by owner.
example: pg1-host-key-file=/path/to/client.key
PostgreSQL Host Port Option (--pg-host-port)
PostgreSQL host port when pg-host is set.
Use this option to specify a non-default port for the PostgreSQL host protocol.
allowed: 0-65535
example: pg1-host-port=25
Deprecated Name: db-ssh-port
PostgreSQL Host Protocol Type Option (--pg-host-type)
PostgreSQL host protocol type.
The following protocol types are supported:
  • ssh - Secure Shell.
  • tls - pgBackRest TLS server.
default: ssh
example: pg1-host-type=tls
PostgreSQL Host User Option (--pg-host-user)
PostgreSQL host logon user when pg-host is set.
This user will also own the remote pgBackRest process and will initiate connections to PostgreSQL. For this to work correctly the user should be the PostgreSQL database cluster owner which is generally postgres, the default.
default: postgres
example: pg1-host-user=db_owner
Deprecated Name: db-user
PostgreSQL Path Option (--pg-path)
PostgreSQL data directory.
This should be the same as the data_directory setting in postgresql.conf. Even though this value can be read from postgresql.conf or PostgreSQL it is prudent to set it in case those resources are not available during a restore or offline backup scenario.
The pg-path option is tested against the value reported by PostgreSQL on every online backup so it should always be current.
example: pg1-path=/data/db
Deprecated Name: db-path
PostgreSQL Port Option (--pg-port)
PostgreSQL port.
Port that PostgreSQL is running on. This usually does not need to be specified as most PostgreSQL clusters run on the default port.
default: 5432
allowed: 0-65535
example: pg1-port=6543
Deprecated Name: db-port
PostgreSQL Socket Path Option (--pg-socket-path)
PostgreSQL unix socket path.
The unix socket directory that was specified when PostgreSQL was started. pgBackRest will automatically look in the standard location for your OS so there is usually no need to specify this setting unless the socket directory was explicitly modified with the unix_socket_directory setting in postgresql.conf.
example: pg1-socket-path=/var/run/postgresql
Deprecated Name: db-socket-path
PostgreSQL Database User Option (--pg-user)
PostgreSQL database user.
The database user name used when connecting to PostgreSQL. If not specified pgBackRest will connect with the local OS user or PGUSER.
example: pg1-user=backupuser